Surrogacy in and of itself is not a crime in Israel, and is not considered human trafficking. Nonetheless, women who are used as surrogate mothers are often very vulnerable to exploitation. Israel's legislation strictly regulates the option and the process of domestic surrogacy in order to protect the rights of the surrogate mother as well as those of the intended parents.
Article 377a(a)(2) of the Israeli Penal Code prohibits human trafficking for giving birth to a child and taking away said child. Thus far, no charges for this specific offence have been brought forth in Israel. Still, the Office of the Coordinator closely monitors the world of overseas surrogacy for fear of human trafficking developing within its folds.
This developing global market for surrogate procedures overseas has reached Israel and has raised many challenging legal and social questions. The Coordinator's Office is involved in discussions on this issue.