Shelters for trafficking victims
In Israel there are two
shelters for human trafficking victims – "Maagan" shelter for women, and the "Atlas" center for men –
these shelters are funded and controlled by the ministry of welfare and
operated by the NGO "Keshet". The shelters were established following two government decisions (government decision number 2806 from 1.12.02
concerning the establishment of a shelter for victims of human trafficking for
the purposes of prostitution, and Government decision number 2670 from 2.12.07
concerning the establishment of a shelter for victims of slavery and forced labour).
The shelters provide psychosocial
and medical services, and general aid to the victims, for example help in
gaining employment, providing the victims with vocational training relevant to
their country of origin, and more. It is important to note that the stay in the shelter is not dependent on
cooperation with law enforcement authorities. When the victim's stay at the
shelter and in Israel in general has come to an end, the return of the victims
to their country of origin is done with the knowledge and cooperation of social services in
Special residence visas for victims
Israel supplies special residence vias for victims of human trafficking. These
permits are not conditioned on cooperation with law enforcement authorities.
When a person agrees to testify in a
criminal case, they receive a "witness visa", allowing them to stay and work in Israel until the criminal
proceedings are complete. If the victim is not interested in testifying, or in any
criminal procedure, they may submit a request for a "rehabilitation
visa", which is granted for the duration of a year. The request is
submitted to border control and the migration authority.
Legal aid for victims
Another main element in the protection
granted to trafficking victims is free legal
provided by the legal aid department in the Ministry of Justice. The right for legal
aid was incorporated by the legislator in 1972 amendment number 6 (n' 1 for
adjustments). The legal aid services to the victims are provided in torts and monetary claims against the offenders, and in procedures in accordance with the Entry into Israel Law. Trafficking victims, an exception to the norm, do not need to pass an economic eligibility
test to recieve legal aid.