The Police, the State Attorney's Office, The Ministry of Economics and the Migration Authority enforce Israel's policies against human trafficking and related offences. The prosecution of these crimes presents the law enforcement bodies with many challenges. For example, in the field of human trafficking, the victims are often foreign.
This means the investigation and management of the case often requires a learning process, to understand how issues of culture, language and migration affect the case. Moreover, those most likely to fall victims are also often the most unlikely to come forward and submit complaints (for more information on the characteristics of victims, click here). In many cases, specifically trafficking for labour exploitation purposes, the offenders are not "classic" criminals, involved in other criminal activities, but rather people with no criminal record or involvement in other serious crimes (for example, farmers, or the relatives of an elderly person). This makes it difficult at times for law enforcement to perceive them as criminals.
Furthermore, it is often difficult to distinguishing between regulatory offences or other criminal offences, and offences relating to human trafficking. There is even a serious difficulty proving their existence at all in court.
For additional information on Israel's enforcement efforts in various fields, click below:
Trafficking for Prostitution
Slavery and Forced Labour
Trafficking for Organ Removal