English

 
On the 12th of August 2013 , the Minister of Justice asked Professor Ruth Gavison to formulate a proposal of a constitutional provision dealing with the character of Israel as a Jewish and democratic state in a manner that balances and integrates these values, both the Jewish and the democratic.

  • It appears that there is a wide consensus regarding the character of the state as Jewish and democratic, and this fact has even been given an anchoring in the 1992 basic laws, the proclaimed part of Israel’s constitution. However, there are substantial disagreements about the interpretation of the components of the definition of the state identity and the relations between them. These disagreements are reflected, among other things, in recent draft bills seeking to give further constitutional anchoring to components of the state's identity.
 
  • The investigation will look into both substantive and institutional aspects of a constitutional anchoring of the identity of Israel as a Jewish and democratic state. In addition, an attempt will be made to identify the attitudes within different segments in the Israeli society to these complex terms and the relations between them.
 
  • The investigation will build on previous similar efforts of civil society and the Knesset. It will be based on examining the relevant literature, and on consultations with experts and organizations in Israel and abroad. This site will document the progress of the process and hold relevant materials and information.
 
  • Within a few months, a proposal with explanatory notes concerning the recommended approach to the constitutional anchoring of the state identity will be submitted to the minister, so it may aid public debate and the work of the Knesset.