The Ministry is responsible for a wide range of judicial and professional matters and activity areas and its main functions include:
- Organizing the courts, special courts and Execution Office systems in Israel;
- Drafting legislation, accompanying private legislation and publishing the official gazette;
- Providing legal counsel to the government and its ministries;
- Enforcing Criminal Law through the General Prosecution system;
- Representing the State before judicial and quasi-judicial entities;
- Executing laws that the Minister of Justice is responsible for their execution, including the provision of legal services and regulation of various legal and professional areas.
The Ministry of Justice includes, among others, the following units and systems: the Attorney General's Office and the Counseling and Legislation Department; the State Attorney’s Office; the Civil Legal Aid Administration; the Public Defense Office; the Administrator General and Official Receiver Division; the Land Registry and Settlement of Rights Department; the Land Appraisal Department; the Commission for Equal Rights of Persons with Disabilities; the Israel Money Laundering and Terror Financing Prohibition Authority; the Israeli Law, Information and Technology Authority; the Israel Patent Office; the Israeli Corporations Authority; the Ombudsman of the Israeli Judiciary; the Sharia Courts; the Druze Religious Courts; the Pardons Department; the Reshumot (The Official Gazette) system; the Custody Courts; the Department of Inheritance of Estates for the Benefit of the State; The Unit of Religious Conversions, Christian Communities and the Spousal Registrar; the Freedom of Information Unit; the Office of the National Anti-Trafficking Coordinator; the Legal Assistance Unit (responsible for engaging with the Palestinian Authority); and Ministry headquarters administrative units.
The Ministry is responsible for the regulation and licensing of professions in various legal and professional areas, including accountants, real estate brokers, real estate assessors, private investigators, security services, notaries, patent examiners and Sharia pleaders.
The Minister of Justice is responsible by law for the Courts' management by means of the Israel Courts Administration and for the Enforcement and Collection Authority that functions as a support unit within which the Execution Office operates, as well as the Center for the Collection of Fines, Fees and Expenses.
The Ministry of Justice is among the first government ministries established with the founding of the State of Israel, with 24 justice ministers to date.