In the past decade, Israel has significantly developed its approach towards human trafficking for prostitution purposes. When this phenomenon first began to rise in Israel in the 1990's, there was not enough awareness of the distinctive attributes and conditions of trafficking, and instead victims were treated as illegal migrants or criminals. With time, however, the approach shifted - thanks to the extensive efforts of NGOs, the Parliamentary Assessment Committee on Trafficking of Women in the Israeli Knesset, chaired by Knesset Member Zehava Galon, and government officials. The authorities began to view human trafficking as a violation of core human rights. These changes may be found in legislation, in guidelines and procedures issued by Government Authorities, in the national plans to combat human trafficking, in government resolutions, and more.
Today, the phenomenon of human trafficking for prostitution purposes has been nearly eliminated thanks to the combined efforts of the Government, Parliament, and non-government bodies. These efforts have focused on several arenas, including: strict enforcement by the relevant bodies, protection for victims, and action towards prevention.